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Intro to home stereo systems

Love music? If you're not playing it on a genuine stereo system, chances are you could love it a lot more

In a nutshell. A home stereo system includes two speakers for two good reasons. Most recordings have two separate and distinct channels. And you have two ears.

When you listen in stereo, recorded music sounds more like a live performance. It's a feeling you won't get from a single wireless speaker.

Most stereo systems include three things:

  1. A stereo receiver or amplifier
  2. A matched pair of speakers
  3. At least one music source

This article will help you choose a home stereo system that suits your lifestyle and your listening space.

Wireless speakers are super convenient. One box is all you need. And some of them sound surprisingly good. For background music, I love them.

But stereo recordings have discrete left and right channels for a reason. They give you the unmistakable impression that you’re in the room with the performers. In this regard, a pair of speakers always beats one.

Stereo imaging

Listening to music in stereo gives you the experience the artist had in mind. And it’s just plain more fun! You can hear the musicians spread out across a three-dimensionsal sound stage.

With stereo, different instruments come at you from different points between and beyond the speakers. You hear your music in three dimensions – just like you hear real musicians positioned in different places on an actual stage. You experience the music and the space in which it’s played.

Parts of a home stereo system

A home stereo system typically includes three main ingredients:

  1. A stereo receiver or amplifier
  2. A matched pair of speakers
  3. At least one music source

Stereo components

The music source could be an external component, such as a turntable or CD player. It could be a receiver’s built-in AM/FM tuner. Or it could be a wireless connection to a smartphone or a home network.

What is a stereo receiver?

Traditional stereo receivers combine an AM/FM radio tuner with a 2-channel power amplifier and a preamp section. The preamp section gives you control over source selection, volume, tone and balance.

What's an integrated amplifier?

An integrated amplifier is just like a receiver, but without the radio. Some models are as large as a typical receiver. But there are plenty of compact amps, too. For more info, see our integrated amplifiers buying guide.

For a super-simple system, try powered stereo speakers

Powered speakers

A turntable and a pair of powered speakers make a great compact stereo system.

If you’re looking for an even more compact system to liven up a dorm room, kitchen, or small apartment, consider a pair of powered stereo speakers. With the amplifier (and, in some cases, the Bluetooth receiver) built in, these speakers save a lot of space.

Wireless speakers in stereo mode

Some wireless multi-room speakers can be linked together in stereo mode. If you alread have a wireless speaker, check to see if you can pair it with another identical speaker.

For example, if you're a Sonos owner, you can add a second Play:1, Play:5, or Sonos One in the same room. Use the Sonos app to pair them. One of the speakers will play the right channels, and the other will play the left channel.

Stereo amps with wireless multi-room audio built-in

Want to enjoy the benefits of a wireless multi-room audio system, but with real stereo speakers in at least one room?

Whole-house audio

The Yamaha WXC-50 wireless streaming preamplifier adds Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and MusicCast multi-room audio features to a traditional stereo amp or receiver.

Consider mating a pair of regular (non-powered) stereo speakers with a powered zone component like the Sonos amp. It’s a very compact wireless multi-room music player with a stereo amplifier built in. Amplified zone players are also made by Yamaha, Denon, and Bluesound.

Speaker options to fit your taste and your space

Your library, home office, spare bedroom, or any other small, relatively private room can become your sonic sanctuary. Bookshelf speakers are perfect for small rooms. They can be wall-mounted or placed on speaker stands.

Floor-standing speakers are great for large rooms. They produce plenty of deep bass. They're hard to beat for big, room-filling sound.

For more speaker selection tips, see our article on choosing stereo speakers.

Don’t forget the speaker wire

Most speakers don't come with any wire. You'll need to get some to connect the speakers to your receiver or amplifier. For more info, see our article on choosing and installing speaker wire.

How many watts do you need?

If you’re buying a pre-packaged system, you don’t have to worry about the finer points of matching speakers and amps.

If you’d like to put together an a la carte system, you can get some advice from one of our expert advisors. Or you can follow these simple guidelines:

  1. Look at the recommended power range for the speakers you want to buy.
  2. Choose an amp whose RMS power output (watts) is within the acceptable range.

If you already have an amp (or you'd rather pick your amp first), make sure the speakers you choose can handle the power it puts out.

If you’re using 4-ohm speakers, make sure the amp you choose is compatible.

To get the most from a small amplifier, choose efficient speakers (as reflected in their sensitivity rating). The higher the number (in decibels or dB), the more efficient the speaker, and the louder it plays with a given amount of power.

Setup makes a huge difference

Toeing speakers for better sound

Toeing in your speakers (pointing them toward your seat) can make a dramatic improvement in their sound.

The placement of your speakers relative to your listening seat plays a large role in your system's sound.

The speakers should form an equilateral triangle with your listening position. This means your speakers are the same distance apart from each other as they are from you. For more tips on how to set up your speakers, see our article on speaker placement for stereo music listening.

Will a stereo system work with my phone? 

Onkyo TX8160 stereo receiver

Stereo receivers with home networking capabilities give you access to an endless variety of music.

Think stereo systems are strictly old-school? Think again. Many of today’s stereo systems have Bluetooth® and/or Wi-Fi® built in, so you can easily connect your phone and listen to Spotify or You Tube™.

Think they’re just for well-heeled audiophiles? You might be surprised by how little you have to pay to get a decent system.

A stereo system takes up more room than a single wireless speaker. But for music lovers, that’s a worthwhile trade-off.

We can help you choose

Have questions about home stereo systems? Call, email, or chat with us today.

Our expert Advisors know the gear inside and out. Your Advisor can send specific Crutchfield pages to your screen, saving you a lot of browsing time. You'll get a shopping cart loaded up with everything you need.

Free lifetime tech support is included with your Crutchfield purchase.

Please share your thoughts below.

  • Deborah Kirk from Australia. Victoria

    Posted on 4/4/2020

    Hi, I'm old school love my music have just brought LG tv need knowledge on just about everything wanting to set up DVD player with speakers for medium size room I'm interested in music in all parts of my small house have internet can you help regards Deborah.

    Eric Angevine from Crutchfield

    on 4/6/2020

    Deborah - We'd love to help, but I see you're in Australia, and we can only ship within the U.S. and Canada. Sorry!
  • Tommy from Birmingham

    Posted on 3/14/2020

    I just purchased the Yamaha RN303 receiver and the Elac Debut 6.2 speakers. Can't wait to get it set up.

  • John from Chicago

    Posted on 7/16/2019

    Thanks for the very clear, concise, and useful information.

  • angela g

    Posted on 5/27/2019

    Too bad you don't date your posts . . . Technology changes. So it's nice to know how current the info is.

  • Vansis tan

    Posted on 5/27/2019

    Hi,I currently using Pioneer SC-LX58 receiver for my surround movies. I looking for stereo amp with Bluetooth function to pair with my Q3050i speakers. Can bypass volume with my Pioneer avr when connected together. Which is the recommended amp? Thank you.

    Jim Richardson from Crutchfield

    on 5/28/2019

    Thanks for your inquiry. I forwarded your message to our advisor group. Someone will contact you soon to speak with you about a recommendation.
  • Sean Thomas from Newport

    Posted on 5/9/2019

    I need a receiver/amp that will handle 3 pair of speakers. 2 Sony (SSCS5) 100W, 6ohm, 2 Vintage Technics (SBA32) 260W, 8ohms and 2 Yamaha (AW390) 130W, 6ohm. The Yamahas' are outdoor deck speakers. Need to be able to switch between the indoor and outdoor setup. I also input an Audio-Technica turntable and bluetooth from music services. Receiver suggestions?

    Jim Richardson from Crutchfield

    on 5/10/2019

    Thanks for your inquiry. I forwarded your message to our advisor group. Someone will contact you soon to offer some suggestions.
  • Shaun from Mesa

    Posted on 3/19/2019

    I'm reviewing all kinds of products to try and build a stereo system. I've noticed many upscale speakers come with spiked feet. What's the purpose of spiked feet - or any feet, for loudspeakers?

    Jim Richardson from Crutchfield

    on 3/20/2019

    Thanks for the good question. The purpose of spikes or feet is to isolate a speaker from the floor. They work like shock absorbers, decoupling your speakers from their supporting surface. This means they won't "excite" other things in your room. Or at least not as much as they would without the spikes. And fewer vibrations mean cleaner sound. That's the theory.
  • Cathy from Rockford

    Posted on 12/22/2018

    What receiver would work well with a DVD player and a turntable with built in preamp. I prefer Sony but would consider other brands.

    Jim Richardson from Crutchfield

    on 12/31/2018

    Thanks for the inquiry. Pretty much any home theater receiver will work. We would need more information to make a good recommendation, and this isn't the best place for that kind of dialog. I took the liberty of forwarding your message to our advisor group. Someone will contact you soon. Good luck!
  • Ed from Louisville

    Posted on 11/19/2018

    The cheep combo systems I have been using seem to loose their ability to power 4 speakers. Typically all 4 work at first then only 2. I was thinking of a separate receiver with an add on cd player. I have limited space.

    Jim Richardson from Crutchfield

    on 11/20/2018

    Ed, Thanks for your comment. Please contact one of our advisors for a recommendation.
  • Brenda Epperson from Bloomington Springs

    Posted on 11/17/2018

    Right now I only have a Sony Blu-ray player that is hooked up to tv. I would like to play my CD's with good sound system and also use with TV and movies. Will be getting new tv in near future. Also, later would like to add a turn table. Do i need a receiver plus a CD player/changer? What are my best options and of course doesn't break the bank. Can this be done in steps or does it have to be done all at the same time? Appreciate your help,

    Jim Richardson from Crutchfield

    on 11/19/2018

    Hi Brenda. Thanks for the good questions. You can play CDs on your Blu-ray player. Consider getting an A/V receiver and a pair of bookshelf speakers now. There are plenty of good low-cost options. Connect the TV and Blu-ray player to the receiver, and you'll be set for music and movies. You can add other things later on, like a turntable, subwoofer, surround speakers, etc. Please contact one of our advisors to learn more.
  • Matt from Augusta

    Posted on 10/31/2018

    If you could only pick one music source what would it be? Phonograph, CD, MP3 or other wireless devices. Thanks

    Jim Richardson from Crutchfield

    on 11/2/2018

    Thanks for asking. It would be hard for me to give up my Spotify subscription, even though it doesn't sound quite as good as records and CDs. I've been spoiled by the vast selection of music for just a few bucks a month.
  • owen

    Posted on 10/8/2017

    No mention of an antenna. What do I needfor an antenna?

  • Kathryn S Elich from Portland

    Posted on 6/30/2017

    Do I need just a receiver turntable and speakers? Do the receivers have the blue tooth or wifi and what is that? Been over 35 yrs. Fry's has those. $$ matter - so does cd play-ability .

  • Faith from Roxie

    Posted on 6/22/2017

    I am looking for a way to play and listen to my CDs. Simple with good sound. I want a package deal. All components included. I would like the option to add wireless speakers to the other rooms of my home in the future and blue tooth.. I am looking to spend as little as possible but yet I want great sound. Please give me some suggestions. Thanks

  • Rainey

    Posted on 2/11/2016

    This is a great service you offer. Wolf was great.

  • Jeff from Gainesville

    Posted on 11/2/2015

    Thanks, a nice reintroduction to the old world of vinyl